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Historical analysis indicates territorial states were designed for relations among distant monarchs ruling largely immobile, non-nationalistic populations. The current dynamic of international relations is different. Now, citizens are highly mobile and are bound together by national identities.

Irreconcilable problems result when two different nations claim one land. A solution is also emerging--as citizens increasingly exist across borders, governments are using systems of treaties to govern their mobile citizens.


What if two states governed their respective citizens in the same land while structuring their relations through the type of treaties now common among countries sharing a border? Citizens of each state would pay federal taxes to and receive social services from their respective governments while also coexisting in overlapping territories.

To learn more about the details and research supporting this concept, email us at

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